What is aphasia and how is it treated?

His family announced that Bruce Willis will “step away” from his acting career after being diagnosed with aphasia.

According to the actor’s wife, Emma Hemming Willis, who shared the news on Instagram, along with a number of other Willis family members, on Wednesday, the diagnosis came after the red star was “suffering from some health issues,” with her posts stating the disorder was “affecting her.” his cognitive abilities.

“This is a challenging time for our family and we deeply appreciate your continued love, sympathy and support,” the post read.

What is aphasia and what causes it?

Aphasia is a condition that renders an individual unable to communicate, as it can affect the ability to “speak, write and understand language, both orally and in writing,” according to the Mayo Clinic.

The health source notes that aphasia usually “occurs suddenly” after an individual has experienced brain damage as a result of a stroke or head injury, but can also occur gradually if the person has a “slow-growing brain tumor” or a degenerative disease such as Alzheimer’s. Sometimes, temporary aphasia attacks can occur as a result of migraine headaches, seizures, or a transient ischemic attack (TIA), which occur when blood flow to the brain is temporarily blocked.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, the disorder can also “occur” with speech disorders, such as dysphasia or apraxia of speech, which the porter notes also result from brain damage.

The National Institutes of Health also states that there are two broad categories of aphasia, fluent and non-fluent, and that these depend on the location of the brain damage. For example, a person with damage to the temporal lobe may develop Wernicke’s aphasia, which the National Institutes of Health notes is the most common type of fluent aphasia, which often affects the way a person speaks, as well as their ability to understand speech.

The National Institutes of Health explains: “People with Wernicke’s aphasia may speak in long, full sentences that don’t make sense, adding unnecessary words and even creating made-up words.”

Broca’s aphasia refers to the most common type of aphasia, and usually occurs as a result of damage to the frontal lobe of the brain, according to the National Institutes of Health. While people with this type of aphasia may understand and know what they want to say, the National Institutes of Health notes that it may be difficult for them to speak, and this results in short sentences that are often produced “with great effort.” This type of aphasia can also cause “right-sided weakness or paralysis of the arm and leg,” according to the National Institutes of Health, because “the frontal lobe is also important for motor movements.”

The National Institutes of Health also notes that an individual can develop global aphasia, which results from “damage to large parts of the language areas of the brain.” According to the National Institutes of Health, this type of aphasia can cause an individual to have “severe communication difficulties” because it can make it difficult for them to speak or understand language.

Other types of aphasia affect an individual’s ability to repeat words and sentences, or lead to difficulty naming objects, even though they may know what the object is and what it is for.

How is aphasia diagnosed?

According to the National Institutes of Health, aphasia is usually recognized by a doctor after a brain injury. People who have had a brain injury will usually have an MRI or CT scan, which will help doctors locate the injury.

In addition to brain scans, the individual will also likely be asked a series of questions that can help the doctor determine their ability to “understand and produce language.”

From there, a doctor may recommend an individual see a speech-language pathologist.

How is aphasia treated?

The National Institutes of Health reports that individuals who have suffered a brain injury that led to this disorder may see improvement within the first few months, even without treatment.

However, according to the Mayo Clinic, once the cause of the disorder is addressed, the main treatment for incarceration is speech and language therapy, which entails relearning and practicing language skills and other ways of communicating.

What other celebrities have suffered brain injuries or disorders?

Emilia Clarke previously revealed that she was unable to remember her name after she had a subarachnoid hemorrhage, a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain.

The Game of Thrones star reflected on the injury in a 2019 article in The New Yorker, in which she recalled having severe headaches while training with her coach.

“Then my coach put me in a plank position, and I immediately felt as if an elastic band was squeezing my brain. I tried to ignore the pain and get over it, but I couldn’t.” “On some level, I knew what was going on: My brain was damaged.”

After undergoing brain surgery, Clark remembered being unable to remember her name and instead spoke “meaningless words”.

“My full name is Emilia Isobel Euphemia Rose Clarke. But now I couldn’t remember it. Instead, words of nonsense fell from my mouth and I went into a blind panic,” she recalls. “I’ve never felt such fear—a feeling of death approaching me. I could see my life into the future, and it wasn’t worth living. I’m an actor; I need to remember my lines. Now I can’t remember my name.”

Sharon Stone also temporarily lost the ability to speak, see and feel in her left leg after suffering a stroke in 2001.

She opened up about her recovery process in a 2015 interview with Harper’s Bazaar, where she described feeling her “completely changed DNA.”

“My brain just doesn’t sit where it used to be, my body type has changed, and even my food sensitivity is different,” she said, adding that it took months for her to get back on her left leg and years for her vision to return to normal, and that she also “struggled to eliminate stuttering.” continuous”.

However, according to the actress, the side effects were not all negative, as she noted that she “has become emotionally smarter.”

“I choose to work hard to open up other parts of my brain. Now I’m stronger. I can be abrasively direct. It scares people, but I think that’s not my problem,” she said. “It’s like, I have brain damage; you just have to deal with it.”

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